Soil Health and Sustainable Land Resource Management Practices at Municipal Level: A Case from Bheri Nagarpalika (Municipality), Jajorkot District, Nepal

Kabi Prasad Pokhrel (Environmental Geography, Tribhuvan University, Nepal)


The increasing challenges of pressure and ever-growing demands on limited resources in Nepal by diverse actors, land degradation, biodiversity lossand climate change require the rational use of land resources to sustain andenhance productivity and maintain resilient ecosystems for achieving thesustainable and efficient use of resources, taking into account biophysicaland socioeconomic dimensions. Regarding this, Nepal Government has realized and taken initiation of scientific and sustainable land use zoning following the National Land Use Act 2019 (2076 B.S.) to use land resourcesin practicable and sustainable manner. Using spatial information techniquessuch asZ-3 satellite image, remote sensing (RS), global positioning system(GPS) and geographic information system (GIS). Multicriteria decisionmaking (MCDM) methods for acquiring spatial/temporal data, throughexpert judgment techniques based on field observation as well as laboratoryanalysis result, it was found that the soil nutrient status of, the municipalityvaried spatially and has pH with very high acidic to slightly alkaline butmost of the soils are slightly acidic (39.58%). Majority of the soil are loamand sandy loam type with very low to high level of organic matter. Mostof the municipal area is under medium range of organic matter. Nitrogencontent ranges from very low to very high level as to same ranges of phosphorous (37.69%). Potassium level is also in very high to low as 37 percent land area has high level of potassium. Reclamation of acidic soil mainly in leachable soil is recommended with the proper management of Nitrogen with addition of organic matter is needed to manage for improving crop production.


Land resource management; Agriculture sustainability; Soil properties ;Organic matter; Land use planning and land use zoning

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